include

include, comprehend, embrace, involve, imply, subsume are comparable when meaning basically to contain something within as a part or portion of a whole.
Include suggests that the thing included forms a constituent, component, or subordinate part
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the genus Viola includes the pansy as well as various violets

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the col-lection will not include any examples of the artist's earlier paintings

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an edition of the Bible which includes the Apocrypha

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it would not be argued today that the power to regulate does not include the power to prohibit— Justice Holmes

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few of the great men of our early national history extended their humanitarianism to include the Indian tribes— Hyman

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Comprehend suggests that within the scope or range of the whole under consideration (as the content of a term, a concept, a conception, or a view) the thing comprehended is held or enclosed even though it may or may not be clearly distinguished or actually distinguishable
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it was not tolerance; it was something greater that comprehended tolerance but went far beyond it— G. W. Johnson

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for philosophy's scope comprehends the truth of everything which man may understand— H. O. Taylory

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Embrace (see also ADOPT) suggests a reaching out to gather the thing embraced within the whole (as the content of a mind or of a course of study or a construction or interpretation of a law)
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the scene before the reddleman's eyes . . . embraced hillocks, pits, ridges, acclivities, one behind the other— Hardy

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by Baudelaire's time it was no longer necessary for a man to embrace such varied interests in order to have the sense of the age— T. S. Eliot

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whatever disagreement there may be as to the scope of the phrase "due process of law," there can be no doubt that it embraces the fundamental conception of a fair trial— Justice Holmes

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Involve suggests inclusion by virtue of the nature of the whole, whether by being its natural or inevitable consequence
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surrender involves submission

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{

it is quite probable that many of those who would make the best doctors are too poor to take the course. This involves a deplorable waste of talent— Russell

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or one of its antecedent conditions
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clerkship did not necessarily involve even minor orders— Quiller-Couch

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I should . . . supply the humanistic elements of education in ways not involving a great apparatus of learning— Russell

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or one of the parts or elements which comprise it by necessity or definition
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that fusion of public and private life which was involved in the ideal of the Greek citizen— Dickinson

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Imply is very close to involve in meaning but stresses a thing's inclusion not, as involve does, by the nature or constitution of the whole but as something which can be inferred because hinted at (see also SUGGEST 1)
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the tone of the book was implied by shrewd advertisements featuring the author's open, smiling face—7. D. Hart

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or because normally or customarily part of its content especially by definition
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embrace implies a reaching out to gather to oneself or within one's grasp

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emergency and crisis imply conflict— Langfeld

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or be-cause invariably associated with the thing under consideration as its cause or its effect or as its maker or its product
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a watch implies a watchmaker

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For this reason imply may, in comparison with involve, suggest a degree of uncertainty; thus, silence is often said to imply consent, but it would be rash to say that it involves consent.
Subsume, a technical term in logic, philosophy, and the classificatory sciences, implies inclusion within a class or category (as an individual in a species or a species in a genus) or a being comprehended by a general principle or proposition
{Absolute generic unity would obtain if there were one summum genus under which all things without exception could be eventually subsumedJames
Analogous words: *contain, hold, accommodate
Antonyms: exchide
Contrasted words: eliminate, rule out, debar, disbar, shut out (see EXCLUDE): omit, forget (see NEGLECT vb)

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • include — INCLÚDE, inclúd, vb. III. tranz. A cuprinde, a conţine, a îngloba. – Din lat. includere. Trimis de valeriu, 21.07.2003. Sursa: DEX 98  A include ≠ a exclude Trimis de siveco, 03.08.2004. Sursa: Antonime  INCLÚDE vb. 1. v. conţine. 2 …   Dicționar Român

  • include — in‧clude [ɪnˈkluːd] verb [transitive] if something includes something else, the second thing is part of the first thing: • The price includes shipping and handling. include something in something • The auditors included the restructuring charge… …   Financial and business terms

  • include — include, comprise Like comprise, include has the whole as its subject and its parts as the object. The difference is that comprise generally denotes the whole set of parts whereas include can be selective, so that if a house comprises two living… …   Modern English usage

  • Include — (incluir en inglés) es una palabra clave que hace referencia a una instrucción al preprocesador que esta presente en la gran mayoría de lenguajes de alto y medio nivel, de forma genérica se usa para adicionar un archivo al código, como por… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Include — In*clude , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Included}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Including}.] [L. includere, inclusum; pref. in in + claudere to shut. See {Close}, and cf. {Enclose}.] [1913 Webster] 1. To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • include — (v.) c.1400, from L. includere to shut in, enclose, imprison, insert, from in in (see IN (Cf. in ) (2)) + claudere to shut (see CLOSE (Cf. close) (v.)). The alleged Sam Goldwyn ism, Include me out, is attested from 1937. Related: Included;… …   Etymology dictionary

  • include — [in klo͞od′] vt. included, including [ME includen < L includere < in , in + claudere, to shut, CLOSE1] 1. to shut up or in; enclose 2. to have as part of a whole; contain; comprise [the cost includes taxes] 3. to consider as part of a… …   English World dictionary

  • include in — ● include …   Useful english dictionary

  • include — I verb absorb, adscribere, be composed of, be formed of, be made up of, begird, boast, bound, bracket, circumscribe, classify, close in, combine, compass, complecti, comprehend, comprehendere, consist of, consolidate, contain, cover, embody,… …   Law dictionary

  • include — [v] contain, involve accommodate, add, admit, allow for, append, bear, be composed of, be made up of, build, build in, carry, combine, comprehend, comprise, consist of, constitute, count, cover, cut in on, embody, embrace, encircle, enclose,… …   New thesaurus

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